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湖南高考历年英语真题及答案

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  高考考试期间什么最重要?心态最重要,心态影响着高考考试实力的发挥。祝高考成功!下面是全查网为大家推荐的湖南高考历年英语真题,仅供大家参考!

  湖南高考历年英语真题

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.Why doesn't the man wear his yellow shirt?

  A. It’s missing. B. He doesn’t like it. C. Two buttons are off it.

  2. How is the woman going to work?

  A. By bus. B. By bike. C. By taxi.

  3. Where is the leather sofa now?

  A. In the bedroom. B. In the living room. C. In the dining room.

  4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. A classmate. B. A message. C. A teacher

  5. Where does the conversation probably take place?

  A. In a shop. B. In a hotel. C. In a restaurant.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

  6. When will the students arrive at the museum?

  A. At about 8:00 a.m. B. At about 9:00 a.m. C. At about 10:00 a.m.

  7. How does the woman feel about the trip?

  A.Worried. B. Expectant C. Bored.

  听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

  8. What do we know about the woman?

  A. She is a teacher.

  B. She earns a lot from her job.

  C. She is happy to help people.

  9. What does the woman do on weekends?

  A.She works as a teacher.

  B.She reads stories to children.

  C. She takes care of children at home.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. Where will the speakers meet tomorrow?

  A. At the head office. B. At the Hotel Nikko. C. At Darling Harbour Station.

  11. What will the speakers do tomorrow morning?

  A. Visit the harbour. B. Have a meeting. C. Go to the Opera House.

  12. What can we learn about the man?

  A. He knows the woman well.

  B. He has never been to Australia before.

  C. He doesn't enjoy his flight.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. Why does the man choose the woman's college?

  A.He wants to live in this city.

  B.He is influenced by his friend.

  C. He can be taught by famous teachers.

  14. What worries the man most about this course?

  A. He has to work hard.

  B. He is not good at maths.

  C. He doesn't know how to control a class.

  15. What is the man going to do?

  A. Take a train. B. E-mail the woman. C. Go into training.

  16. What do we know about the man?

  A. He knows little about the course.

  B. He is always confident.

  C. He wants to be a teacher.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. What is one of the purposes of this speech?

  A.To persuade parents to call the helpline.

  B.To tell people how to teach the children.

  C. To invite people to become the volunteers.

  18. How does the call center help the parents?

  A. It provides them with babysitters.

  B. It offers them some advice.

  C. It gives them training courses.

  19. What do the volunteers need to do?

  A. Visit the parents in their homes.

  B. Work at least four hours a week.

  C. Go to a call center on weekdays.

  20. How many call centers does the helpline have in England?

  A. 8. B. 6. C. 2.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Do you like chocolate? Maybe most people do. A box of it can be a great gift. Buy one for a friend and give it as a surprise. See how happy that person gets.

  Say you just got a box of chocolate. Which piece do you pick first? A man has studied people’s choices. He says they tell something about the person. Did you choose a round piece? You are a person who likes to party. Did you choose an oval shape? You are a person who likes to make things. Picking a square shape shows something else. The person is honest and truthful. You can depend on him or her.

  What kind of chocolate do you pick? Maybe you like milk chocolate. This shows you have warm feelings about the past. Dark chocolate means something else. A person who chooses it looks toward the future. What about white chocolate? Would you choose it? If so, you may find it hard to make up your mind. Some people like chocolate with nuts. These are people who like to help others.

  Do you believe these ideas? Can candy tell all these things? It doesn’t really matter. There is one sure thing about eaters of chocolate. They eat it because they like it.

  21.This passage mainly tells us ______.

  A. why people like chocolate

  B. different choices may show different characters

  C. about different kinds of chocolate

  D. almost everyone likes chocolate

  22.Picking a round shape of chocolate shows that a person ______.

  A. is good at making things B. likes to do something for others

  C. likes singing, dancing and drinking D. can be depended on

  23.From this passage we can see that a helpful man may choose chocolate ______.

  A. with nuts B. in square shape C. in oval shape D. with coffee

  24.The last paragraph suggests that the writer ______.

  A. believes all the information about chocolate

  B. does not believe the information about candy

  C. is trying to get you to believe false information

  D. doesn’t think it important whether you believe the ideas

  B

  When I was in seventh grade, I was a candy striper (护士助手) at a local hospital in my town. I volunteered about 30 to 40 hours a week during the summer.

  Most of the time I spent there was with Mr. Gillespie. He never has any visitors, and nobody seemed to care about his condition. I spent many days there holding his hand and talking to him, helping with anything that needed to be done. He became a close friend of mine, even though he responded with only an occasional squeeze (紧握) of my hand. Mr. Gillespie was in a coma (昏迷).

  I left for a week for a vacation with my parents, and when I came back, Mr. Gillespie was gone. I didn’t have the courage to ask any of the nurses where he was, for fear they might tell me he had died. So with many questions unanswered, I continued to volunteer there through my eighth-grade year.

  Several years later, when I was a junior in high school, I was at the gas station when I noticed a familiar face. When I realized who it was, my eyes filled with tears. He was alive! I got up the nerve to ask him if he was Mr. Gillespie, and if he had been in a coma about five years ago. With an uncertain look on his face, he replied yes. I explained how I knew him, and that I had spent many hours talking to him in the hospital. His eyes welled up with tears, and he gave me the warmest hug I had ever received.

  He began to tell me how, as he lay there comatose (昏睡的), he could hear me talking to him and could feel me holding his hand the whole time. He thought it was an angel, who was there with him. Mr. Gillespie firmly believed that it was my voice and touch that had kept him alive. Then he told me about his life. We exchanged a hug, said our good-byes and went our separate ways.

  Although I haven’t seen him since, he fills my heart with joy every day. I know that I made a difference between his life and his death. As importantly, he has made a great difference in my life. I will never forget him and what he did for me: He made me an angel.

  25. When the author volunteered at a local hospital, she .

  A. mainly helped the nurses with their paper work

  B. made up her mind to become a nurse herself one day

  C. spent most of her time taking care of a man in a coma

  D. became friends with Mr. Gillespie’s visitors

  26. The author didn’t ask where Mr. Gillespie had gone because .

  A. she knew for sure that he had recovered

  B. she forgot all about him when she returned to the hospital

  C. she had been concerned that he might stay in coma forever

  D. she feared that he might have died

  27. Judging from the article, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. The author continued her volunteer work in the hospital until eighth-grade.

  B. The author met Mr. Gillespie at a gas station several years later.

  C. Mr. Gillespie recognized the author’s voice the moment he met her.

  D. No one in the hospital believed that Mr. Gillespie would recover from his coma.

  28. Which of the following statements best summarizes the point of the story?

  A. Those with faith in themselves will succeed.

  B. If you spread happiness you will be happy yourself.

  C. Respect people and they will try hard to improve.

  D. Kindness is loving people more than they deserve.

  C

  As any homemaker who has tried to keep order at the dinner table knows, there is far more to a family meal than food. Sociologist Michael Lewis has been studying 50 families to find out just how much more.

  Lewis and his co-workers carried out their study by videotaping (录像) the families while they ate ordinary meals in their own homes. They found that parents with small families talk actively with each other and their children. But as the number of children gets larger, conversation gives way to the parents’ efforts to control the loud noise they make. That can have an important effect on the children. “In general the more question-asking the parents do, the higher the children’s IQ scores,” Lewis says. “And the more children there are, the less question-asking there is.”

  The study also provides an explanation for why middle children often seem to have a harder time in life than their siblings (兄弟姐妹). Lewis found that in families with three or four children, dinner conversation is likely to center on the oldest child, who has the most to talk about, and the youngest, who needs the most attention. “Middle children are invisible,” says Lewis. “When you see someone get up from the table and walk around during dinner, chances are it’s the middle child.” There is, however, one thing that stops all conversation and prevents anyone from having attention: “When the TV is on,” Lewis says, “dinner is a non-event.”

  29. The writer’s purpose in writing the text is to _________.

  A. show the relationship between parents and children

  B. teach parents ways to keep order at the dinner table

  C. report on the findings of a study

  D. give information about family problems

  30. Parents with large families ask fewer questions at dinner because _________.

  A. they are busy serving food to their children

  B. they are busy keeping order at the dinner table

  C. they have to pay more attention to younger children

  D. they are tired out having prepared food for the whole family

  31. By saying “Middle children are invisible” in paragraph 3, Lewis means that middle children _________.

  A. have to help their parents to serve dinner

  B. get the least attention from the family

  C. are often kept away from the dinner table

  D. find it hard to keep up with other children

  32. Lewis’ research provides an answer to the question_________.

  A. why TV is important in family life

  B. why parents should keep good order

  C. why children in small families seem to be quieter

  D. why middle children seem to have more difficulties in life

  D

  Why are so many people afraid to fail? Quite simply because we forget that failure is part of the human life and that every person has the right to fail. Every person is able to fight failure and finally succeed.

  Most parents work hard at preventing failure or protecting their children from the knowledge that they have failed. One way is to lower standards(标准). When a child finishes making a table, the mother describes it as “perfect” even though it doesn’t stand still. Another way is to blame others. If John fails in science, his teacher is unfair or stupid.

  There’s a problem with the two ways. It makes a child unprepared for life in the real world. Young children need to learn that no one can be best at everything, no one can win all the time, and that it’s possible to enjoy a game even when you don’t win. A child often feels terrible, of course, when he is not invited to a birthday party, or is not chosen into a football team. But parents should not say “It doesn’t matter.” quickly. The young should be allowed to experience failure and be helped to come out of it.

  Failure never gives people pleasure. It hurts both adults and children. But it can be really good to your life when you learn to use it. You must learn to ask “Why did I fail?” . Don’t blame anyone else. Ask yourself what you did wrong and how you can improve. If someone else can help, don’t be shy about asking them. Success just repeats what has been done. It is not as good a teacher as failure. You can learn how to give a good party from an unsuccessful one.

  33.How do most parents prevent their children from failure?

  A. They don’t tell them that they have failed. B. They give them some presents.

  C. They don’t blame others. D. They help them to come out of failure.

  34.Which of the following does a person need to learn when he fails?

  A. It’s impossible to enjoy a game if he misses it.

  B. He is the worst of all.

  C. His teammates are not good enough.

  D. It’s natural not to win a game and no one can win all the time.

  35.Which would be the best title for the passage?

  A. Learning from Failure B. Ways of Preventing Failure

  C. Reasons of Failure D. Getting Pleasure from Failure

  第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项·选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Building Trust in a Relationship Again

  Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences. 36___ Trust is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

  Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been stolen from, lied to, misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore. 37__ It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.

  38__having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.

  39__If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

  You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. 40 instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.

  A.Learn to really trust yourself.

  B.It is putting confidence in someone.

  C.Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

  D.Remember that you can expect the best in return.

  E.They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.

  F.This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

  G.Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.

  第三部分 英语知识运用

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  At the airport, I looked closely at the face of my son, Daniel, his backpack by his side. We were saying good-bye. In a few hours he would be flying to France to 41 a different life . It was a transitional(过渡期的)time in Daniel’s life. I wanted to leave him some words of 42 . But nothing came from my 43 and this was not the first time I had let such a moment 44 .

  When Daniel was five, I took him to the school-bus stop on his first day of kindergarten. He looked at me -- as he did now. “What is it going to be like, Dad? Will I be okay? ” And then he walked up the 45 of the bus and disappeared inside. And the bus 46 . And I had said nothing.

  A decade or so later, a similar 47 appeared. I drove him to college. I tried to think of something to say to give him 48 and confidence as he started this new life. Again, words 49 me.

  Now, as I stood before him, I thought of those 50 opportunities. How many times have we all let such moments pass?

  My father and I loved each other. Yet, I always 51 never hearing him put his 52 into words and never having the memory of that moment. Now, I could feel my hands sweat and my throat 53__. Why is it so 54 to tell a son something from the heart?

  My mouth turned dry, and I knew I would be able to speak out only a few words 55 . “Daniel," I said, "if I could have picked, I would have picked you." That’s all I could say. I wasn’t sure he understood what I 56 . Then he came toward me and threw his arms around me. For a moment, the world and all its people faded away, and there was just Daniel and me. He was saying something, 57 my tears rolled down, and I couldn’t understand what he was saying. All I was 58 of was the stubble(胡茬)on his chin as his face pressed 59 mine. And then, the moment ended. What I had said to Daniel was clumsy. It was nothing. And yet, it was 60 .

  41. A. spend B. start C. enjoy D. shape

  42. A. sorrow B. stress C. significance D. resolve

  43. A. head B. lips C. thoughts D. mind

  44. A. fly B. remain C. pass D. refresh

  45. A. steps B. chairs C. handles D.windows

  46. A. pulled up B. pulled down C. drove away D. drove up

  47. A. sign B. scene C. scenery D. sight

  48. A. interest B. opinion C. courage D. influence

  49. A. failed B. discouraged C. struck D. troubled

  50. A. valuable B. embarrassing C. obvious D. lost

  51. A. wondered B. regretted C. tried D. minded

  52. A. judgements B. feelings C. actions D. effects

  53. A. tighten B. hurt C. freeze D. enlarge

  54. A. specific B. casual C. ridiculous D. hard

  55. A. evidently B. obviously C. clearly D. carefully

  56. A. counted B. meant C. valued D. care

  57. A. but B. and C. instead D. so

  58. A. sensitive B. convinced C. aware D. tired

  59. A. by B. against C. on D. with

  60. A. none B. all C. everything D. anything

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  根据单词提示或对原文理解填入适当的内容,所填内容不超过三个词。

  Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, __61___(wear) sun glasses. He walked in as if he __62_ (buy) the school. And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City.

  For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt __63__(please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn't her, it was probably the fact that she sat in __64__last row.__65__ he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong. It might have made it a little __66_ (hard) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn't stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, __67__made her feel like a star.

  “Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked. The new boy shook his head. “Then I’d appreciate __68__if you didn't wear them in class. I like to look at your eyes when I'm speaking to you. ” The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered __69__ the boy would do. Then he took __70__ off, gave a big smile and said, “That's cool.”

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:把缺词处加一个漏符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  This is because you become addicted in three different ways. First, you can become physically addict to nicotine, that is one of the hundreds of chemicals in cigarettes. This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to have nicotine in it. So when the drug leaves your body, you get withdrawal symptom. I remember feeling bad-tempered and sometimes even in pain. Secondly, you become addicted by habit. As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again, you begin to do it automatically. Lastly, you can become mental addicted. I believed I was happier and relaxed after having a cigarette, so I began to think that I could only feel good when I smoke. I was addicted in all three ways, and it was very difficult to quit. I almost lost my heart, but I did finally manage.

  第二节 短文写作(满分25分)

  假如你叫李华,是校报的英语小记者。校报英语园地本期的话题是你打算以My Favorite Festival为题进行演讲,请根据写作提纲,介绍你最喜欢的传统节日——春节。

  内容包括:1. 春节的重要性;2. 主要庆祝活动; 3. 你喜欢的原因。

  注意:字数100字左右。

  参考词汇:对联couplet 压岁钱lucky money

  ______________________________________

  ______________________________________

  ______________________________________

  ______________________________________

  ______________________________________

  _________________

  湖南高考历年英语真题参考答案

  听力

  1-5 CACAB 6-10 CBCBB 11-15 CBACA 16-20 CCBBA

  阅读

  21-24BCAD 25-28 CDBB 29-32 CBBD 33-35ADA 36-40 BEACG

  完形

  41-45 BCBCA 46-50 CBCAD 51-55BBADC 56-60 BACBC

  语法填空:61.wearing 62.had bought 63.pleased 64.the 65 If

  66. harder 67.which 68.it 69.what 70.them

  短文改错

  This is because you become addicted in three different ways. First, you can become physically addict to nicotine, that is one of the hundreds of chemicals in

  addicted which

  cigarettes. This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to have

  having

  nicotine in it. So when the drug leaves your body, you get withdrawal symptom.

  symptoms

  I remember feeling bad-tempered and sometimes even in pain. Secondly, you become addicted by habit. As you know, if you do the same thing over and over

  through

  again, you begin to do it automatically. Lastly, you can become mental addicted. I

  mentally

  believed I was happier and relaxed after having a cigarette, and I began to think that

  ∧more

  I could only feel good when I smoke. I was addicted in all three ways, and it was

  smoked so

  very difficult to quit. I almost lost my heart, but I did finally manage.

  去掉my

  My Favorite Festival

  My favorite festival is the Spring Festival. During the Spring Festival, we clean up our houses and put up red couplets to welcome the New Year. The parks and squares are decorated with red lanterns, balloons and flowers. Dragon dances are played in the street. It brings a festive atmosphere to the city. What I like most is to go shopping with our parents and buy all kinds of delicious food. We can meet and play with other children.

  I like the Spring Festival mainly because I can get a lot of lucky money from the relatives, so it is the happiest time of the year.

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