1. What are the speakers going to do tonight?
A. Listen to a lecture. B. Go out for pizza. C. Work in the garden.
2. When did Sue leave home?
A. At 4:30. B. At 5:00. C. At 5: 15.
3. How does the girl probably feel?
A. Happy and excited.
B. Frustrated and upset.
C. Scared and nervous.
4. Why was the woman late?
A. She wasn’t allowed to get off her bus.
B. She was injured in an accident.
C. She missed the bus.
5. What is the woman?
A. A waitress. B. A doctor. C. A driver.
6. What does the woman think is out there?
A. A bear. B. A wolf. C. A duck.
7. What does the man suggest the woman do?
A. Keep awake. B. Look at Greg’s tent. C. Continue to sleep.
8. When does the woman’s head hurt the most?
A. When she is in class.
B. After she does sports.
C. Before she goes to bed.
9. What does the man think Michelle needs?
A. More exercise. B. Some medicine. C. Glasses.
10. Where will the man go first?
A. To England. B. To Denmark. C. To Germany.
11. Which instrument does Anna play?
A. Guitar. B. Bass guitar. C. Drums.
12. What do we know about Martin?
A. He lives in Berlin. B. He will ride a bus with the man. C. He will fly to Cairo later.
13. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. They are high school classmates.
B. They go to the same college.
C. They work together.
14. How does the woman prepare for exams?
A. She always works with a partner.
B. She makes many flashcards.
C. She reviews the books and her notes.
15. What is the most important for writing a good paper, according to the man?
A. Doing enough research in advance.
B. Giving yourself time to plan your paper.
C. Being able to make changes to your writing.
16. What is the man’s attitude?
A. Confidence leads to success.
B. You have to work hard to be successful.
C. Smart students don’t have to study that much.
17. Who is the speaker?
A. A TV host. B. A radio host. C. A professor.
18. What did the Harvard study find?
A. Fast readers get the best grades.
B. Parents’ education is important to kids’ success.
C. More books at home mean success in school.
19. According to the speaker, what is the best part of reading?
A. It’s a fun activity.
B. It’s relaxing at bedtime.
C. It’s a great way to communicate.
20. When should parents start to read to their kids?
A. As early as possible.
B. When their kids learn to speak.
C. As soon as their kids can hold a book.
第一节 单项填空(共15小题; 每小题1分, 满分15分)
21. Xi Jinping, _________ president of China, attended the 2nd World Internet Conference, creating _________ new age for the development of the Internet.
A. the; the B. /; a C. the; a D. /; the
22. — Have you heard of the new public transportation system in Suqian?
— Yes. It is reported that the system _________ by the end of 2020.
A. will set up B. is set up
C. will have been set up D. has been set up
23. Pleasure brought by eating sweets, drinking alcohol, or smoking cigarettes is a(n) _________ feeling that can not touch the depths of our soul.
A. awkward B. primitive C. ordinary D. temporary
24. According to a report released recently, the major cause of air pollution in Beijing is vehicle emissions _________ in Shanghai the biggest problem is dust and heavy industry.
A. as B. while C. although D. however
25. _________ to adapting yourself to customs in different countries will help promote mutual understanding between the local people and you.
A. Accustomed B. Being accustomed
C. Having been accustomed D. To be accustomed
26. Through this accident, both Christina and I have become better people. However, _________ an apology then, we would lose each other now.
A. had I not made B. should I not have made
C. could I not have made D. had not I made
27. Our monitor’s breaking the record at the sports meeting was an exciting moment, _________
all of us will always treasure.
A. that B. it C. one D. what
28. Doctors have been researching _________ effect stand-up comedy has on us and have
discovered the truth _________ people who laugh a lot live longer.
A. which; that B. what; that C. what; why D. which; why
29. — Why was Tom so happy yesterday?
— Lacking work experience _________ him his job, but luck smiled on him.
A. could have cost B. should have cost
C. must have cost D. may have cost
30. The scene, in the movie The Martian, _________ Mark Watney produces water to plant
potatoes on Mars, has attracted students.
A. when B. which C. where D. what
31. Tu Youyou was given the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine of 2015 due to her _________ to discovering a new drug to treat parasitic diseases.
A. conservation B. expectation C. commitment D. appreciation
32. All you have to do is believe everything will be better, _________ any difficulty you come across.
A. regardless of B. in spite of C. in addition to D. apart from
33. Due to people’s unwillingness to cooperate, the plan put forward at the conference _______.
A. broke in B. broke out C. broke down D. broke up
34. Some new sports _________ in the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, people are arguing about which sports will be chosen by the IOC finally.
A. adding B. will be added C. are adding D. to be added
35. — I didn’t have time to read the book, so I just read a summary on the Internet.
— Be careful. If you _________ now, you’ll regret it later.
A. cut corners B. fly off the handle
C. laugh your head off D. sleep like a log
This is a part of Debra Jarvis’ speech at TED in 2014, which described what she learned when she was a cancer patient.
In 2005, it was at a big cancer center where I was working 36 I received the news that my mother had breast cancer. And then five days later, I received the news that I had breast cancer. My mother and I can be competitive, but I was really not trying to 37 with her on this one.
I learned a lot being a patient, and one of the surprising things was that only a small part of the cancer experience is about 38 . Most of it is about feelings and faith, losing and 39 your identity, and discovering 40 you never even knew you had. It’s about realizing that the most important things in life are not things at all, 41 relationships. It’s about laughing in the 42 of uncertainty and learning that the way to get out of almost anything is to say: “I 43 cancer.”
So the other thing I 44 was that I don’t have to 45 “cancer survivor” as my identity. Sometimes, it feels like people are too crazy 46 it and they start telling us how we’re going to feel.
About a week after my operation, we had a houseguest. So at dinner that night, our houseguest said: “You know, Deb, now you’re really going to learn what’s 47 . Yes, you are going to make some big changes in your life, and now you’re going to start 48 about your death. Yep, this cancer is your wake-up call.” Now, these are golden 49 coming from someone who is speaking about their own experience, but when someone is telling you how you are going to feel, it doesn’t 50 . After my treatment, it just felt like everyone was telling me what my 51 was going to mean.
It was at that point where I felt like, oh my God, this is just 52 over my life. And that’s when I told myself: Take charge of your experience. Don’t let it 53 you. We all know that the way to deal with this unpleasant experience, with loss, with any life-changing experience, is to find 54 . But here’s the thing: No one can tell us what our experience means. We have to 55 what it means.
36.A. where B. that C. what D. which
37.A. agree B. struggle C. argue D. compete
38.A. medicine B. adventure C. life D. money
39.A. receiving B. finding C. defending D. exchanging
40.A. strength B. fitness C. energy D. force
41.A. and B. so C. but D. for
42.A. middle B. front C. face D. course
43.A. hate B. have C. dislike D. advocate
44.A. assumed B. studied C. recognized D. learned
45.A. take on B. take off C. take back D. take in
46.A. at B. about C. on D. of
47.A. remote B. splendid C. important D. original
48.A. debating B. worrying C. quarrelling D. thinking
49.A. languages B. rules C. words D. sayings
50.A. work out B. pay off C. hold out D. make sense
51.A. experience B. puzzle C. loss D. effect
52.A. handing B. getting C. taking D. turning
53.A. allocate B. control C. instruct D. blame
54.A. difficulty B. truth C. fact D. meaning
55.A. decide B. suggest C. respect D. insist
In animated films, we often have some lovely characters that make us laugh and relax. Look at the following three columns and know some of them.
Skipper and his fellow penguins were originally just supporting roles in animated film Madagascar (2005). But in 2008 they took leading roles in their own TV series, and in 2014 starred in the film Penguins of Madagascar. The penguins’ wisdom and humor not only appeal to kids, but also serve adult audiences well. So, it’s not surprising that they get their own movie.
A small and furry squirrel with a long tail from animated movie Ice Age (2002), Scrat played a supporting role but has won the hearts of both children and grown-ups with his persistence(毅力). In the film, his chasing after his prized acorn(橡子) causes an Earth-shattering geological event. Scrat is a big part in the lasting attraction of the movie series Ice Age. Today, Scrat has his own animated mini-movies.
Puss in Boots
Originally a fairy tale written by French author Charles Perrault, Puss in Boots features a cat that helps his low-born master gain wealth and power through trickery(哄骗). The cat later appeared as a supporting role in Shrek 2 (2004), Shrek 3 (2007) and Shrek 4 (2010). In 2011, he had his own movie titled Puss in Boots. His lovable and funny characteristics easily break the boundaries between different ages of audiences.
56. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Skipper took a leading role in Madagascar (2005).
B. Scrat won children’s hearts by playing with his acorn.
C. Scrat contributes a lot to the movie series Ice Age.
D. Puss in Boots(2011) features a cat helping poor people.
57. What is the similarity among these animated characters?
A. They used to play leading roles successfully.
B. Only children show great affection for them.
C. They won their popularity through trickery.
D. All of them have starred in their own movies.
Confusion gets a bad rap. A textbook that confuses its readers sounds like a bad textbook. Teachers who confuse their students sound like bad teachers. But research suggests that some of the time, confusion can actually be a good thing — an important step toward learning. Why?
One possibility is that confusion is not itself beneficial, but rather a marker that an important cognitive(认知的) process has taken place: The learner has appreciated some inconsistency(矛盾) or deficit(差距) in her previous beliefs. But another possibility is that confusion is itself a step toward learning — an experience that motivates the learner to find an acceptable way of dealing with an inconsistency or improve some deficit. In this view, confusion isn’t just a side effect of beneficial cognitive processes, but a beneficial process itself. Supporting this stronger view, there’s evidence that experiencing difficulties in learning can sometimes be desirable, leading to deeper processing and better long-term memory.
Of course, confusion isn’t always a good thing. Sometimes a textbook is truly terrible, or a teacher impossible to understand. Being confused by something unrelated to what you’re trying to learn (like why the teacher is wearing mismatching shoes) is unlikely to help you learn the content you’re after. Moreover, experiencing confusion without the resources to solve that confusion could lead to frustration.
So confusion is likely to benefit learning under specific conditions: when it’s related to the material you’re trying to understand, and when you have the necessary support to work through the confusion — whether that support comes from your own skills and previous knowledge or from other people or resources.
The relationship between confusion and learning might not be news to children and to scientists, who are both in the business of new discovery. In the course of development, children have to discover basic aspects of the social and physical world for themselves. And in the course of doing science, scientists push the limits of what we know. I suppose that both children and scientists also share the characteristics of spending a great deal of time in some state of confusion.
58. Confusion tends to be beneficial in that __________.
A. it plays the role of a bad textbook or a bad teacher
B. it makes people free from something unrelated completely
C. it motivates learners to handle inconsistency or deficit
D. it assists learners to get through difficulties in life
59. Why does the writer mention children and scientists in the last paragraph?
A. To make a comparison between them on how they learn.
B. To show confusion has long benefited them in learning.
C. To explain the relationship between confusion and learning.
D. To suggest different ways used to deal with confusion.
60. What is the best title of this passage?
A. Confusion serves as a bad textbook B. Confusion marks a cognitive process
C. Confusion benefits kids and scientists D. Confusion is a good thing sometimes